According to a United Nations report released on World Population Day, India is expected to overtake China as the world’s most populous country next year.
Global population is expected to surpass eight billion by mid-November, 8.5 billion in 2030, and 9.7 billion in 2050, as per the World Population Prospects 2022 report from the Population Division of the UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs.
With global population growth slowing to slightly slower rate since World War II, it is expected to peak around 10.4 billion in the 2080s and remain there until 2100.
“This year’s World Population Day (July 11) falls during a watershed year, when we foresee the birth of the Earth’s eighth billionth inhabitant. This is an occasion to celebrate our diversity, recognise our shared humanity, and marvel at medical advances that also have prolonged lifespans and severely reduced maternal and child mortality rates,” said UN Secretary-General António Guterres.
“At the same time, it is a chance to reflect on where we now fall short of our commitments to one another and a clear indication of our shared responsibility to care for our planet,” he continued.
Here are a few of report’s key findings:
- According to the report, India will overtake China as the world’s most populous nation in 2023.
- Up until 2050, just eight nations—including India—will account for more than half of projected increase in the world’s population. Egypt, The Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ethiopia, Pakistan, Nigeria, the Philippines, and Tanzania are the other seven countries.
- Population growth in New Zealand and Australia, Northern Africa and Western Asia, and Oceania is expected to be slower but positive until the end of the century.
- Before 2100, populations in Eastern and South Eastern Asia, Central and Southern Asia, Latin America and the Caribbean, Europe, and Northern America are likely to peak and gradually decline.
- India was one of ten countries where the average net outflow of migrants surpassed one million between 2010 and 2021. The outflows in many of these nations were brought on by transient labour movements. Pakistan reported the highest net outflow of migrants (-16.5 million).
- India’s population is expected to surpass China as the world’s most populous nation as it continues to increase.
Even in many of the nations with growing populations, fertility rates are declining globally. This is due to the fact that more people are having children as older generations grow, even though each of them is individually having very few children than that of their parents did.